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Eczema

Eczema

Eczema is an umbrella term for many types of skin inflammation and skin reactions. Eczema can be seen in children from as early as 12 months appearing on the cheeks, scalp, face, arms, legs and trunk. Characterized by a reddish bump, eczema is very itchy and can become worse through continuous itching. Eczema is very common among children with around 20% infants and young children suffering from it.

 
Types

There are different types of eczema, like allergic, contact, irritant, and nummular eczema. One of
the most common types of eczema in children is Atopic Dermatitis and can vary in
its severity. In severe atopic dermatitis, rashes on the skin form visible clear, fluid-filled blisters.

Causes

While there is no clear cause of eczema, children suffering from it tend to have a family history of
allergies and sensitive immune systems. Children who suffer from eczema are also likely to suffer
from other food allergies and asthma.

Triggers
    1. Allergens
      • Dust
      • Plant pollen
      • Pet dander
      • Mold
    2. FoodsAllergens
      • Peanut butter
      • Eggs
      • Fish and shellfish
      • Milk
      • Wheat
      • Soy
      • Tree nuts (almonds, cashews, chestnuts, filberts/hazelnuts, macadamia nuts, pecans, pine nuts, pistachios, and walnuts)
      • Fruits (bananas, strawberries)
    3. Skin Irritants
      • Synthetic fibers (nylon, polyester, wool)
      • Latex
      • Rubber
      • Mold
    4. Climate
      • Hot, humid weathers
      • Cold weather
    5. Stress
Symptoms
      • Excessive itching and scratching
      • Red, raised rashes
      • Fluid-filled Blisters and red bumps
Diagnosis

Your pediatrician can determine if your child is suffering from eczema. Consult with your pediatrician for a physical exam where he/she will conduct a routine checkup to rule out any physical causes.

Treatment

While having eczema is not curable, outbreaks of eczema can be prevented through proper skin care
such avoiding to scratch, allowing skin to breathe and utilizing cold compresses in areas susceptible
to eczema.

Your pediatrician may prescribe an ointment or cream to help relief eczema symptoms.

Who Will Outgrow Their Eczema?

While not many children outgrow their eczema, eczema's severity decreases with age. As an adult, your child will be able to manage his/her eczema without any troubles.

Is Eczema Inherited?

Like any allergy, eczema can be inherited from a family member. Even if no direct family members suffer from eczema, your child may still be affected.

Eczema Statistics
  • Eczema affects more than 30% of the world's population
 
 
 

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